History

History of Israel-Palestine Conflict

Israel is the world’s only Jewish state located east of the Mediterranean Sea, and Palestine is an Arab-populated territory belonging to Israeli-controlled land that has long been in conflict with the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Known for

Israel and Palestine have been deteriorating for years and with many violent clashes between the two sides, to understand the root of the Israel-Palestine conflict, we need to go back a few thousand years to the beginning of the Israel-Palestine conflict in the 17th century BC. You have to look back.

After the call of God, the three patriarchs of the Jewish nation, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, settled in Canaan, which later named the land of Israel from the West Bank of present-day Israel and parts of the Gaza Strip to Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan. Gone is what was promised. The territory of Palestine or the Holy Land In 1000 BC, King Saul established the Kingdom of Israel, which was ruled by King David.

 who made Jerusalem the capital of his kingdom and his son King Solomon built the first temple in Jerusalem after the death of King Solomon. The United Kingdom was divided into the Kingdom of Israel in the north, whose capital was Samaria. And with the kingdom of Judah in the south with Jerusalem as its capital, the land became home to the majority of the Jews but then suffered a number of conquests. One of these conquests was carried out by the Roman Empire, which led to a significant reduction in the Jewish population on the mainland.

who gave Judah the name of Palestine in order to break the connection of the Jews with the land of Israel by starting Christianity as Jews during this time. This sect eventually became the dominant religion. In the 7th century, an Arab conquest led to the end of the Roman Empire. The spread of Islam began. The Dome of the Rock was built over the destruction of the Second Temple. By which Jerusalem was made the holy city of three monotheistic religions.

 After Christianity and Islam, Christians in Jerusalem were persecuted by the Seljuk Turks, a Central Asian empire eager to expand its territory, and Christians in Europe sought to return the Holy City to Christian hands. Started many crusades. During this time many Jews were killed. Pilgrimages were made everywhere, mostly in Western Europe from the 16th century until the First World War. The Holy Land as well as most of the Middle East was ruled by the Ottoman Empire.

 An Islamic superpower, this land was unofficially called Palestine. At the same time, more and more Jews in Europe were joining a movement called Zionism. The goal was to create a Jewish nation-state in their ancient homeland. In the first decade, tens of thousands of Jews migrated from Europe back to Israel and Palestine. During the British rule, the First World War broke out. And with the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, its territory in the Middle East was carved up by the British and French empires, then the British gave more independence to Iraq and Jordan, and the region that remained under British rule for It was called the British Mandate.

 Palestine is where Britain promised to establish a Jewish national homeland under its Balfour Declaration, which came into force in 1923. Tensions rose between Jews and Arabs who both claimed land that even led to acts of violence in the 1930s following a growing Jewish population.

During Nazi rule in Palestine, the British restricted Jewish immigration due to fear of persecution, in response to which Jewish militias formed to fight Arabs and resist British rule. I came to the Holocaust, which resulted in the loss of nearly six million Jewish lives. After the war, more and more Jews fled from Europe to Palestine in search of a homeland.

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 After the birth of the State of Israel after the Second World War, the United Nations proposed a partition plan for Palestine. With two independent states, one Jewish state and one Arab state, the city of Jerusalem became an international zone with a special status, however, according to the plan, only one-third of the population was given to Jews, an additional 56.5 acres.

 Rejected by the Arabs, they began raising volunteer armies throughout Palestine. Less than a year later, Britain completed its withdrawal from Palestine. 1948 Arab Israel began a new bloody chapter of struggle between the Palestinian Arabs. Immediately after the declaration of independent Israel, a war broke out between Arabs and Jews known as the Arab-Israeli War of 1948.

The war involved the five recently independent Arab states of Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, the Arab League, which invaded the region. Attempts were made to establish a United Arab Palestine, but a year later a cease-fire agreement was reached in which more than two-thirds of historic Palestine, including West Jerusalem, belonged to Israel, while Jordan occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank. The region known as and Egypt occupied.

The Gaza Strip forced more than 750,000 Palestinians from the land they had lived in for centuries in what they call al-Nakba, or destruction, as the conflict between Jews and Arabs worsens.

Next Decades The 60-Day War It was in 1967 that the 60-Day War broke out in 1967 after a volatile period of diplomatic standoffs and clashes between Israel and its neighboring Arab states, Jordan, Syria, and Egypt, and the brief war ended in victory. . Israel ceded control of the Golan Heights from Syria and Jordan and Gaza to East Jerusalem and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, which was later returned to Egypt under the Egypt-Israel Peace Agreement. And they had no children.

Allowed to return to their homes but forced to stay in the West Bank in Gaza, the first intifada in neighboring Jordan, Syria and Lebanon, and the growing number of Israelis settling in Palestinian territories in the West Bank and Gaza, according to Oslo, sparked the conspiracy. . The Palestine Liberation Organization was first established in Cairo, Egypt in 1964 to create an independent Palestine in Israel, which launched attacks on Israel from its base in Jordan and was then forced to move from Jordan to Lebanon and Israel’s Anti-terrorist operations were started.

After years of Israeli aggression on Lebanon, Beirut eventually agreed to divide the land between Palestine and Israel, but still many Jewish settlers moved into the Israeli-occupied Palestinian territories in 1987. Violent Palestinian uprising. The Jabaliya refugee camp erupted in flames after an Israeli Defense Forces truck collided with two Palestinian civilian vans, killing four of them in what was known as the First Intifada. Hundreds of casualties resulted in a peace process with the signing of the Oslo Accords.

The Oslo Accords signed in Washington DC by Israel and the Palestinian Authority and the Oslo II Accords in Egypt According to the Oslo Accords, the West Bank was divided into three areas, one exclusively controlled by the Palestinians and one exclusively controlled by the Palestinians. was under the control of and the territory of Israel was fully controlled by Israel until the Second Intifada, although further peace talks continued in 2000.

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Israeli and Palestinian refugees have failed to reach an agreement on issues such as the rights status of Jerusalem and the growing settlement of Jews in Palestinian territories. visited the home of, the action was seen as offensive by many Palestinians and the Second Intifada began violence that ended with the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza but continued settlement in the West Bank.

Israel’s Conflict with Hamas Hamas is a Sunni Islamist militant group that aims to destroy the State of Israel and create an Islamic state following the armed conflict between Hamas and Fatah that split Hamas from the Palestinian Authority. Gained Power in Gaza Israel occupied Gaza.

The Gaza Strip, under a suffocating blockade, has seen several bloody wars between the two factions, including the 2014 Operation Cast Lead operation Pillar of Defense and the 2018 deal between Hamas and Fatah to form a national unity government. As a result, the US embassy was moved from there. Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, which Palestinians saw as a sign of US support for Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

 In 2021, the conflict between Israel and Palestine resumed due to a series of hostile incidents in East Jerusalem that resulted in several acts of violence until a cease-fire agreement was reached. Egypt was brokered by Qatar and the United Nations peacefully on May 21, although it now appears that the complex and long-running territorial dispute between the two states is a ticking time bomb that could explode at any time. More

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