The Reverence for Fathers in Islam: Insights from the Quran and Hadith

The Sacred Role of Fathers in Islam

In the rich tapestry of Islamic culture, the family is considered the cornerstone of society, and fathers hold a sacred role at the very heart of this institution. Islamic teachings emphasize the importance of respecting, honoring, and loving one’s father, highlighting their profound significance in shaping the lives of their children. Here, we delve into the sacred role of fathers in Islam and the values that underpin their position within the family structure.

A Reflection of Divine Attributes and father

Islam’s sacred text, the Quran, makes repeated references to Allah as “The Most Merciful” and “The Most Compassionate.” The function of fathers is a mirror of this divine kindness and compassion. Fathers are supposed to exhibit these attributes in their interactions with their children in Islam. In their relationships with their families, they serve as the protectors, caregivers, and mentors, reflecting the kindness and compassion of the Divine.

Father Respect and Obedience

Islamic teachings place a strong emphasis on treating parents, especially fathers, with respect and obedience. “And your Lord has decreed that you not worship other than Him, and that you treat your parents well,” the Quran says. Say not so much as “uff” to them, and do not push them away instead of speaking a kind word to them, whether one or both of them grow old [while] with you (Quran, 17:23). This poem emphasizes how important it is for kids to treat their parents with the highest respect and care, which also extends to their fathers.

Read Also: The Quran and Hadith on Parents

What does Prophet (ﷺ) say about father?

The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) had a great deal to say about fathers, and his teachings on this topic are highly regarded in Islam. He emphasized the importance of respecting and honoring one’s father, and he warned against disobeying or mistreating him.

Here are some of the Prophet’s (ﷺ) sayings about fathers:

  • “The father is the middle of the gates of Paradise, so keep to this gate or lose it.” (At-Tirmidhi)
  • “A man came to the Prophet (ﷺ) asking permission to wage jihad. The Prophet said, ‘Are your parents alive?’ The man replied, ‘Yes.’ The Prophet said, ‘Then strive in the service of them both.'” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
  • “The finest act of goodness is that a person should treat kindly the loved ones of his father.” (Sahih Muslim)
  • “You and your wealth are for your father.” (Sunan Ibn Majah and Musnad Imam Ahmad

Duaa for Fathers

In Islam, a potent way to ask Allah for guidance and benefits is through the act of dua, or supplication. It is encouraged for kids to pray for their fathers’ happiness, health, and wisdom. Even a straightforward prayer, like “May Allah bless my father,” can have great meaning as a show of concern and affection.
In conclusion, Islam’s beliefs and values are fundamental to the important position that fathers play in the religion. Fathers are revered as the cornerstones of families, their roles mirroring the precepts given in the Hadith and the Quran. A healthy society and strong families are fostered by the enduring legacy of love, respect, and care for fathers.

Provision and Protection

Islamic fathers are tasked with the duty of providing for their households. This duty includes providing emotional and psychological support in addition to material assistance. It is the responsibility of fathers to protect their children’s bodily and spiritual wellbeing. It is believed that these provisions and safeguards are essential components of a father’s holy role.

Guidance and Mentorship

Fathers are not just providers but also guides and mentors in Islam. They play an integral role in imparting religious, moral, and ethical values to their children. Their wisdom and knowledge are invaluable in helping their offspring navigate life’s challenges and make informed decisions. Fathers are seen as a source of guidance and a beacon of knowledge within the family unit.

The Bond of Love and Care

The sacred role of fathers in Islam extends to their relationships with their children. Love and care are central to this role. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is reported to have said, “He is not one of us who does not have mercy on young children, nor honor the elderly” (Tirmidhi). This Hadith underscores the importance of nurturing and respecting not only the young but also those who have dedicated their lives to guiding their families, fathers included.

Read More: The Quran and Hadith: Overview and Differences

What does Allah say about father?

In the Quran, Allah addresses the concept of fatherhood and the importance of respecting and honoring one’s father. Several verses highlight the significance of this relationship. Here are some key verses related to fathers:

  • Respect and Kindness Towards Parents:
    In Surah Al-Ankabut (29:8), Allah says, “And We have enjoined upon man goodness to parents. But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them. To Me is your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do.” This verse emphasizes the duty of being good and kind to parents and obeying them in all matters that do not involve going against the teachings of Islam.

Duty of Treating Parents with Respect:

In Surah Al-Isra (17:23), Allah instructs, “And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment.

Whether one or both of them grow old [while] living with you, don’t speak to them negatively and instead give them a kind word.” This poem highlights how important it is to treat parents—especially fathers—with compassion and respect, particularly as they get older.

Hadith about Parents: Heaven’s middle entrance is your Father

The Hadith on Parents: Father is the middle gate of Paradise is a well-known and beloved Hadith in Islam. It is narrated by Abu Darda’ (RA) that he heard the Prophet (ﷺ) say:

الْوَالِدُ أَوْسَطُ أَبْوَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَاحْفَظْ عَلَى وَالِدَيْكَ أَوِ اتْرُكْ.

“The father is the middle gate of Paradise. So, if you wish, then neglect that door, or protect it.” (Sunan Ibn Majah 3663)

This Hadith emphasizes the importance of honoring and respecting one’s parents, especially one’s father. It also warns that those who neglect their parents are at risk of losing out on Paradise.

Here are some examples of how the Sahabah (RA) honored and respected their parents:

  • Abdullah ibn Masud (RA) would always serve his mother first before eating himself.
  • Anas ibn Malik (RA) would never sit down before his parents, and he would always walk behind them.
  • Abu Hurairah (RA) would never get married without the permission of his mother.

What does Hazrat Ali (R.A) say about Father?

Hazrat Ali (RA) had a lot to say about fathers, and he emphasized the importance of honoring and respecting them. Here are some of his famous sayings:

  • “A father is like a gate to Paradise. If you please him, you will enter Paradise; if you anger him, you will be shut out.”
  • “A father is a capital that cannot be spent. A mother is a treasure that cannot be stolen.”
  • “The best of sons are those who are kindest to their parents, even after they have passed away.”
  • “The most beloved deed to Allah is to please one’s parents.”
    “A father’s blessing is like a shield that protects one from all harm.”
    “Every day of your life, your father deserves your gratitude and admiration. For his sacrifice, there is no compensation.”

Hazrat Ali (RA) also taught that we should never disobey our parents, even if they are wrong. He said:

“If your father commands you to do something wrong, obey him in appearance, but not in reality. For obedience to Allah is more important than obedience to any human being.” Read More


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